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Feeding Birds in Winter: Dos and Don’ts for a Healthy Flock

Feeding Birds in Winter: Little Chickadee bird feeding in hand
© Lissa Lachapelle from Getty Images via Canva.com

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1. Introduction:

As winter blankets the landscape, our feathered friends need extra care to thrive in the cold. This comprehensive guide provides expert tips and insights on feeding birds in winter. Whether you’re a seasoned bird enthusiast or a beginner, discover the dos and don’ts for a healthy flock.


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Snow Owl on branch on purple background. On the left title: Discover mysterious facts about owls! On the right side top conner is Animal Glory logo (crown, animal glory, lion pat).

2. Dos for Winter Bird Feeding

Blue Jay on fance in snow in winter.
@ dunnsphotographyzoo from Getty Images via Canva.com

2.1. Choose the Best Winter Bird Feed

In the crisp embrace of winter, feeding birds becomes a crucial act of care. Opting for the best winter bird feed ensures our feathered friends receive the nourishment they need to endure the chilly months. A well-balanced mix, rich in suet, high-energy foods like peanut pieces and sunflower chips, and an assortment of fruits, including apples and grapes, cater to the varied tastes of our avian companions. This thoughtful selection provides essential nutrients and transforms your space into a winter haven for various bird species.

2.2. Provide Suet for Extra Energy

Elevate your winter bird feeding game by introducing suet, the energy powerhouse for our feathered companions. Suet, a high-calorie delight, is vital for feeding birds in winter. By offering homemade suet cakes or blocks, you provide essential nutrients and create an enticing haven for woodpeckers, chickadees, and other suet aficionados. This energy-rich offering ensures that your avian visitors stay robust and vibrant, making your winter bird feeding experience a delightful spectacle of diverse bird species enjoying a hearty feast.

Winter scene of aDowny Woodpecker at the suet feeder.
@ lightstalker from Getty Images Signature via Canva.com

2.3. Offer High-Energy Foods

When it comes to feeding birds in winter, providing high-energy foods is the key to sustaining our feathered friends through the colder months. Elevate their nutrition with a menu featuring peanut pieces and sunflower chips packed with fats that offer an instant energy boost. These energy-rich offerings not only help birds stay warm but also contribute to building essential fat reserves, ensuring they have the strength to endure the challenges of winter. Make your feeding station a culinary haven, enticing diverse bird species with these nutritious delights.



2.4. Include Fruits in Their Diet

Diversify the winter bird feeding experience by incorporating a fruity twist into their diet. When feeding birds in winter, offering a variety of fruits such as apples, grapes, cherries, and oranges provides essential vitamins. It entices different bird species with varied tastes. These round fruits become a colorful and nutritious addition to your bird-friendly menu, attracting a vibrant array of feathered guests. Elevate your feeding station’s visual and nutritional appeal, creating a winter wonderland where birds can enjoy a fruity feast.

American Goldfinch Bird Eating Black Seed from feeder.
@ Aaron J Hill from Pexels via Canva.com

2.5. Feed Birds on the Ground

Transform your winter bird feeding strategy by taking it to the ground. When actively feeding birds in winter, scatter seeds on the ground to attract ground-feeding birds like cardinals, juncos, and sparrows. This approach creates a bird-friendly foraging area, mimicking their natural feeding habits. Consider placing an old birdbath close by to provide both food and water accessibility. Embracing this ground-feeding method supports various bird species. It offers a more immersive and authentic feeding experience, bringing you closer to the wonders of winter birdwatching.

2.6. Ensure Fresh Water is Accessible

Pay attention to the importance of hydration in the winter bird feeding routine. Ensure that fresh water is readily available for our feathered friends. A heated bird bath or strategically placed water sources can be a game-changer, especially when natural sources freeze. By actively providing water through a heated bird bath or other means, you not only cater to the hydration needs of the birds but also attract a diverse range of backyard birds, turning your winter space into a lively oasis.

Photo of Northern Cardinal Perched on Brown Tree Branch
@ Tina Nord from Pexels via Canva.com

2.7. Offer Kitchen Scraps

Enhance your winter bird-feeding repertoire by repurposing kitchen scraps into delightful bird treats. Consider offering cooked pasta, rice, or even peanut butter when actively feeding birds in winter. These kitchen items attract various birds, including jays, woodpeckers, and titmice. Embrace a sustainable approach using leftover kitchen items, turning your feeding station into a culinary haven for our feathered friends. Not only does this practice minimize food waste, but it also introduces a diverse menu that appeals to a broad spectrum of bird species.


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2.8. Get Creative with DIY Birdseed Wreaths

Elevate your winter bird feeding experience by adding a touch of creativity with DIY birdseed wreaths. Crafted from grapevine wreaths, suet balls, popcorn, cranberry garland, and dried fruit, these whimsical wreaths serve as decorative elements and delightful bird treats. When actively feeding birds in winter, hang these homemade creations in your garden. They provide both sustenance and entertainment, attracting diverse feathered visitors. Embrace the joy of crafting while contributing to the well-being of your avian neighbors in the colder months.

American Robin on branch.
@ BrianEKushner from Getty Images via Canva.com

2.9. Fill Feeders Daily

When it comes to actively feeding birds in winter, consistency is key. Make it a daily ritual to fill your feeders, especially in the late afternoon. Birds often forage to stock up before roosting for the night. By keeping feeders well-stocked, you ensure a regular food supply and create a reliable foraging spot for our feathered friends. Remember to promptly monitor and fill empty feeders, maintaining a welcoming environment that supports the diverse bird species frequenting your feeding station.



2.10. Spread Feeders Around

Diversify the allure of your winter bird feeding station by strategically spreading feeders around your backyard. Optimize their placement at varying heights, using trees and shrubs as natural perches. This accommodates different bird species with varied feeding habits, minimizes competition, and ensures a safer environment. Be mindful of potential predators and create a bird-friendly haven where winter bird traffic flows seamlessly. Adopting this strategic approach to feeding birds in winter will transform your backyard into a dynamic and inviting space for many feathered visitors.

Tufted Titmouse, at a snowman feeder, in winter.
@ stanley45 from Getty Images Signature via Canva.com

2.11. Offer More Than One Type of Food

Elevate the dining experience for your winter avian guests by providing a diverse menu. When actively feeding birds in winter, consider offering more than one type of food. Stock up on birdseed in bulk, incorporate chicken scratch feed, and include black oil sunflower seeds in your offerings. This culinary variety caters to the preferences of different bird species. It allows you to save money by buying birdseed in larger quantities. Embrace the role of a gourmet chef for your feathered friends, offering a menu that caters to the discerning tastes of winter bird species.

2.12. Clean Off Snow and Ice

Winter storms can pose challenges for feeding birds in winter, with snow and ice accumulating on feeders. Actively clean off snow and ice during and after storms to ensure hungry birds have easy access to food. By keeping the feeders clear, you provide a lifeline for our feathered friends during harsh weather conditions. This simple act supports bird survival and fosters a sense of reliability, making your feeding station a dependable source of sustenance for winter birds.


3. Don’ts for Winter Bird Feeding

House Sparrow on trhe bird feeder.

3.1. Avoid Overfeeding

While the desire to care for winter birds is commendable, avoid overfeeding, as it can have unintended consequences. During and after storms, excess food may attract more birds than your feeders can accommodate, leading to overcrowding and potential resource depletion. This scenario can result in hungry birds and contribute to the challenges of keeping snow and ice off feeders. To avoid such pitfalls, strike a balance in your winter bird feeding routine, ensuring that you meet the needs of your feathered visitors without unintentionally causing stress or resource scarcity during storms.


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3.2. Steer Clear of Moldy Food

To nourish during winter, it’s crucial to avoid a common mistake: offering moldy food. During and after storms, damp conditions may lead to the formation of mold on bird food. Moldy food poses health risks to birds, potentially causing infections and illnesses. Actively monitor and replace any food that shows signs of mold, ensuring you keep the food accessible and safe for our feathered friends. By avoiding this mistake, you contribute to the well-being of the birds and maintain a healthy feeding environment, even in challenging weather conditions.

Mourning Dove on a branch in snow in winter.
@ SteveByland from Getty Images via Canva.com

3.3. Don’t Include Cooked Animal Products

While birds may devour whatever you offer, cooked animal products are indigestible and harmful, causing distress. Birds, being lactose intolerant, should steer clear of dairy. Combining these with lard poses serious risks. Although lard is a valuable winter resource, it’s unnecessary when food is abundant in summer. Prioritize the well-being of your feathered visitors by avoiding these pitfalls during winter bird feeding sessions.

3.4. Can birds eat all fats?

While lard and suet offer essential fatty calories, not all fats are bird-friendly. Avoid feeding birds vegetable fats like margarine; these polyunsaturated fats are less energy-accessible. Stick to lard and suet, providing birds with the optimal fatty boost they need during winter.


4. Feeding Birds in Winter FAQs

How often should I feed birds in winter?

What types of food are best for winter bird feeding?

Are there any risks associated with winter bird feeding?

Can I attract specific bird species in winter?

What are the benefits of providing fresh water in winter?

When to stop feeding birds in winter?

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